What is EPA?

EPA or eicosapentaenoic acid, is an omega-3 fatty acid present in the fat of cold water fish. Together with DHA (docosahexaenoic acid), they are the two most important omega-3 fatty acids for the human being. They cannot be synthesized by our body and therefore, they need to be obtained through the diet.

Why is it important to supplement the diet with EPA?

According to various world organizations, the minimum recommended daily uptake of Omega-3 (EPA or DHA) per day is of 1,000 mg.

It has been shown that the modern diet (including the Mediterranean one) is often deficient in Omega-3 (despite eating fish).

Remark: according to a statement released on the 26th June 2012 by the Scientific Panel of the EFSA (European Food and Safety Agency), the daily uptake of up to 1,8 g EPA/day is totally safe for the adult population.

What can EPA offer me?

In adulthood, there is a tendency to over-consume a type of omega-6 fat called arachidonic acid (AA) (found in meat, butter, cheese etc.). Although AA is a very important and necessary fat (ie. for the brain), an excessive consumption of animal foods rich in AA, results in an excessive accumulation of this fatty acid in the cell membrane or ‘fatty wall’ that surrounds the cells of our body. It is known that an excess of AA results in a greater tendency for inflammatory processes to last longer.

It has been demonstrated that EPA is able to compete with AA, thus compensating the detrimental effects that an excess AA could otherwise have. Also, EPA is a nutrient of great interest to support the cardiovascular system in adulthood.

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